August 2005

“‘A Forming Hand’: Creativity and Destruction from Romanticism to Emergence Theory.” Workshop on “Development, Creativity, and Agency: New Approaches (A Conversation Between Thomas Pfau and Alan Liu).” North American Association for the Study of Romanticism (NASSR) conference. Montreal. 16 August 2005.


Citation: Alan Liu, David Durand, Nick Montfort, Merrilee Proffitt, Liam R. E. Quin, Jean-Hugues Réty, and Noah Wardrip-Fruin. Version 1.1. August 5, 2005. Electronic Literature Organization. Retrieved [date of access]. <>.

This white paper is part of the Electronic Literature Organization’s PAD (Preservation / Archiving / Dissemination) initiative. PAD aims to create methods for preserving or migrating experimental, “born-digital” works of creative literature that are perishing with their original hardware and software environments.

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